China General Information

China is forever linked to its ancient civilization, friendly people, and many of the world’s most revered treasures, such as The Great China MapWall, Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses and the Yangtze River. Today, one can also find spectacular architecture and towering skylines in Shanghai and Beijing (site of the 2008 Summer Olympics), a wealth of luxury accommodations – and as always – exquisite cuisine. Come and see why China is drawing millions of visitors from all over the world. And, why each and everyone of them returns home smiling

Historically, China's cultural sphere has extended across East Asia as a whole, with Chinese religion, customs, and writing systems being adopted to varying degrees by neighbors such as Japan, Korea and Vietnam. The first evidence of human presence in the region was found at the Zhoukoudian cave and is one of the first known specimens of Homo erectus, now commonly known as the Peking Man, estimated to have lived from 300,000 to 780,000 years ago.

The first recorded use of the word "China" is dated 1555. It is derived from Cin, a Persian name for China popularized in Europe by Marco Polo. In early usage, "china" as a term for porcelain was spelled differently than the name of the country, the two words being derived from separate Persian words.[13] Both these words and the Sanskrit word for China (???) are ultimately derived from the Chinese word Qín, the name of the dynasty that ruled China from 221 to 206 B.C.The official name of China changed with each dynasty. The common name is Zh?ngguó (?? in traditional Chinese or ?? in simplified Chinese). This translates as "central nation" or (traditionally) as "middle kingdom".

Kailash Yatra 2013 Departure